Darwin Core Recommended Terms

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Author:

Last update:

05 December 2013

Namespace URI:

http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/

Abstract

This document contains a list of Darwin Core terms that have the dwcattributes:status equal to "recommended". For the full normative RDF document of all Darwin Core terms, see dwctermshistory.rdf. To comment on this schema, please create a new issue in http://code.google.com/p/darwincore/issues/

All terms at a glance

Classes: Event | GeologicalContext | Identification | MaterialSample | MeasurementOrFact | Occurrence | ResourceRelationship | Taxon


Properties: acceptedNameUsage | acceptedNameUsageID | accordingTo | associatedMedia | associatedOccurrences | associatedReferences | associatedSequences | associatedTaxa | basisOfRecord | bed | behavior | catalogNumber | class | collectionCode | collectionID | continent | coordinatePrecision | coordinateUncertaintyInMeters | country | countryCode | county | dataGeneralizations | datasetID | datasetName | dateIdentified | day | decimalLatitude | decimalLongitude | disposition | dynamicProperties | earliestAgeOrLowestStage | earliestEonOrLowestEonothem | earliestEpochOrLowestSeries | earliestEraOrLowestErathem | earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem | endDayOfYear | establishmentMeans | eventDate | eventID | eventRemarks | eventTime | family | fieldNotes | fieldNumber | footprintSRS | footprintSpatialFit | footprintWKT | formation | genus | geodeticDatum | geologicalContextID | georeferenceProtocol | georeferenceRemarks | georeferenceSources | georeferenceVerificationStatus | georeferencedBy | georeferencedDate | group | habitat | higherClassification | higherGeography | higherGeographyID | highestBiostratigraphicZone | identificationID | identificationQualifier | identificationReferences | identificationRemarks | identificationVerificationStatus | identifiedBy | individualCount | individualID | informationWithheld | infraspecificEpithet | institutionCode | institutionID | island | islandGroup | kingdom | latestAgeOrHighestStage | latestEonOrHighestEonothem | latestEpochOrHighestSeries | latestEraOrHighestErathem | latestPeriodOrHighestSystem | lifeStage | lithostratigraphicTerms | locality | locationAccordingTo | locationID | locationRemarks | lowestBiostratigraphicZone | materialSampleID | maximumDepthInMeters | maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters | maximumElevationInMeters | measurementAccuracy | measurementDeterminedBy | measurementDeterminedDate | measurementID | measurementMethod | measurementRemarks | measurementType | measurementUnit | measurementValue | member | minimumDepthInMeters | minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters | minimumElevationInMeters | month | municipality | nameAccordingTo | nameAccordingToID | namePublishedIn | namePublishedInID | namePublishedInYear | nomenclaturalCode | nomenclaturalStatus | occurrenceID | occurrenceRemarks | occurrenceStatus | order | originalNameUsage | originalNameUsageID | otherCatalogNumbers | ownerInstitutionCode | parentNameUsage | parentNameUsageID | phylum | pointRadiusSpatialFit | preparations | previousIdentifications | recordNumber | recordedBy | relatedResourceID | relationshipAccordingTo | relationshipEstablishedDate | relationshipOfResource | relationshipRemarks | reproductiveCondition | resourceID | resourceRelationshipID | samplingEffort | samplingProtocol | scientificName | scientificNameAuthorship | scientificNameID | sex | specificEpithet | startDayOfYear | stateProvince | subgenus | taxonConceptID | taxonID | taxonRank | taxonRemarks | taxonomicStatus | typeStatus | verbatimCoordinateSystem | verbatimCoordinates | verbatimDepth | verbatimElevation | verbatimEventDate | verbatimLatitude | verbatimLocality | verbatimLongitude | verbatimSRS | verbatimTaxonRank | vernacularName | waterBody | year

Overview diagram

This document contains a list of Darwin Core terms that have the dwcattributes:status equal to "recommended". For the full normative RDF document of all Darwin Core terms, see dwctermshistory.rdf.

Classes

Class: dwct:Event

EventThe category of information pertaining to an event (an action that occurs at a place and during a period of time).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Event

Class: dwct:GeologicalContext

Geological ContextThe category of information pertaining to a location within a geological context, such as stratigraphy.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/GeologicalContext

Class: dwct:Identification

IdentificationThe category of information pertaining to taxonomic determinations (the assignment of a scientific name).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Identification

Class: dwct:MaterialSample

Material SampleThe category of information pertaining to the physical results of a sampling (or subsampling) event. In biological collections, the material sample is typically collected, and either preserved or destructively processed.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MaterialSample

Class: dwct:MeasurementOrFact

Measurement Or FactThe category of information pertaining to measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions about a resource (instance of data record, such as Occurrence, Taxon, Location, Event).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/MeasurementOrFact

Class: dwct:Occurrence

OccurrenceThe category of information pertaining to evidence of an occurrence in nature, in a collection, or in a dataset (specimen, observation, etc.).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Occurrence

Class: dwct:ResourceRelationship

Resource RelationshipThe category of information pertaining to relationships between resources (instances of data records, such as Occurrences, Taxa, Locations, Events).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ResourceRelationship

Class: dwct:Taxon

TaxonThe category of information pertaining to taxonomic names, taxon name usages, or taxon concepts.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/Taxon

Properties

Property: dwct:acceptedNameUsage

Accepted Name UsageThe full name, with authorship and date information if known, of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsage

Property: dwct:acceptedNameUsageID

Accepted Name Usage IDAn identifier for the name usage (documented meaning of the name according to a source) of the currently valid (zoological) or accepted (botanical) taxon.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/acceptedNameUsageID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:associatedMedia

Associated MediaA list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of media associated with the Occurrence.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedMedia

Property: dwct:associatedOccurrences

Associated OccurrencesA list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers of other Occurrence records and their associations to this Occurrence.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedOccurrences

Property: dwct:associatedReferences

Associated ReferencesA list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, bibliographic reference, global unique identifier, URI) of literature associated with the Occurrence.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedReferences

Property: dwct:associatedSequences

Associated SequencesA list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers (publication, global unique identifier, URI) of genetic sequence information associated with the Occurrence.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedSequences

Property: dwct:associatedTaxa

Associated TaxaA list (concatenated and separated) of identifiers or names of taxa and their associations with the Occurrence.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/associatedTaxa

Property: dwct:basisOfRecord

Basis of RecordThe specific nature of the data record - a subtype of the dcterms:type. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Darwin Core Type Vocabulary (http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/type-vocabulary/index.htm).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/basisOfRecord

Property: dwct:bed

BedThe full name of the lithostratigraphic bed from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/bed

Property: dwct:behavior

BehaviorA description of the behavior shown by the subject at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/behavior

Property: dwct:catalogNumber

Catalog NumberAn identifier (preferably unique) for the record within the data set or collection.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/catalogNumber

Property: dwct:class

ClassThe full scientific name of the class in which the taxon is classified.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/class

Property: dwct:collectionCode

Collection CodeThe name, acronym, coden, or initialism identifying the collection or data set from which the record was derived.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionCode

Property: dwct:collectionID

Collection IDAn identifier for the collection or dataset from which the record was derived. For physical specimens, the recommended best practice is to use the identifier in a collections registry such as the Biodiversity Collections Index (http://www.biodiversitycollectionsindex.org/).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/collectionID

Property: dwct:continent

ContinentThe name of the continent in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/continent

Property: dwct:coordinatePrecision

Coordinate PrecisionA decimal representation of the precision of the coordinates given in the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/coordinatePrecision

Property: dwct:coordinateUncertaintyInMeters

Coordinate Uncertainty In MetersThe horizontal distance (in meters) from the given decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude describing the smallest circle containing the whole of the Location. Leave the value empty if the uncertainty is unknown, cannot be estimated, or is not applicable (because there are no coordinates). Zero is not a valid value for this term.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/coordinateUncertaintyInMeters

Property: dwct:country

CountryThe name of the country or major administrative unit in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/country

Property: dwct:countryCode

Country CodeThe standard code for the country in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use ISO 3166-1-alpha-2 country codes.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/countryCode

Property: dwct:county

CountyThe full, unabbreviated name of the next smaller administrative region than stateProvince (county, shire, department, etc.) in which the Location occurs.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/county

Property: dwct:dataGeneralizations

Data GeneralizationsActions taken to make the shared data less specific or complete than in its original form. Suggests that alternative data of higher quality may be available on request.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dataGeneralizations

Property: dwct:datasetID

Dataset IDAn identifier for the set of data. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to a collection or institution.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:datasetName

Dataset NameThe name identifying the data set from which the record was derived.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/datasetName

Property: dwct:dateIdentified

Date IdentifiedThe date on which the subject was identified as representing the Taxon. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dateIdentified
Superproperty:
dcterms:date

Property: dwct:day

DayThe integer day of the month on which the Event occurred.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/day

Property: dwct:decimalLatitude

Decimal LatitudeThe geographic latitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are north of the Equator, negative values are south of it. Legal values lie between -90 and 90, inclusive.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLatitude

Property: dwct:decimalLongitude

Decimal LongitudeThe geographic longitude (in decimal degrees, using the spatial reference system given in geodeticDatum) of the geographic center of a Location. Positive values are east of the Greenwich Meridian, negative values are west of it. Legal values lie between -180 and 180, inclusive.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/decimalLongitude

Property: dwct:disposition

DispositionThe current state of a specimen with respect to the collection identified in collectionCode or collectionID. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/disposition

Property: dwct:dynamicProperties

Dynamic PropertiesA list (concatenated and separated) of additional measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions about the record. Meant to provide a mechanism for structured content such as key-value pairs.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/dynamicProperties

Property: dwct:earliestAgeOrLowestStage

Earliest Age Or Lowest StageThe full name of the earliest possible geochronologic age or lowest chronostratigraphic stage attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestAgeOrLowestStage

Property: dwct:earliestEonOrLowestEonothem

Earliest Eon Or Lowest EonothemThe full name of the earliest possible geochronologic eon or lowest chrono-stratigraphic eonothem or the informal name ("Precambrian") attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEonOrLowestEonothem

Property: dwct:earliestEpochOrLowestSeries

Earliest Epoch Or Lowest SeriesThe full name of the earliest possible geochronologic epoch or lowest chronostratigraphic series attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEpochOrLowestSeries

Property: dwct:earliestEraOrLowestErathem

Earliest Era Or Lowest ErathemThe full name of the earliest possible geochronologic era or lowest chronostratigraphic erathem attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestEraOrLowestErathem

Property: dwct:earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem

Earliest Period Or Lowest SystemThe full name of the earliest possible geochronologic period or lowest chronostratigraphic system attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/earliestPeriodOrLowestSystem

Property: dwct:endDayOfYear

End Day Of YearThe latest ordinal day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/endDayOfYear

Property: dwct:establishmentMeans

Establishment MeansThe process by which the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence became established at the location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/establishmentMeans

Property: dwct:eventDate

Event DateThe date-time or interval during which an Event occurred. For occurrences, this is the date-time when the event was recorded. Not suitable for a time in a geological context. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventDate
Superproperty:
dcterms:date

Property: dwct:eventID

Event IDAn identifier for the set of information associated with an Event (something that occurs at a place and time). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:eventRemarks

Event RemarksComments or notes about the Event.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventRemarks

Property: dwct:eventTime

Event TimeThe time or interval during which an Event occurred. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/eventTime

Property: dwct:family

FamilyThe full scientific name of the family in which the taxon is classified.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/family

Property: dwct:fieldNotes

Field NotesOne of a) an indicator of the existence of, b) a reference to (publication, URI), or c) the text of notes taken in the field about the Event.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNotes

Property: dwct:fieldNumber

Field NumberAn identifier given to the event in the field. Often serves as a link between field notes and the Event.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/fieldNumber

Property: dwct:footprintSRS

Footprint SRSA Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the Spatial Reference System (SRS) for the footprintWKT of the Location. Do not use this term to describe the SRS of the decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude, even if it is the same as for the footprintWKT - use the geodeticDatum instead.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintSRS

Property: dwct:footprintSpatialFit

Footprint Spatial FitThe ratio of the area of the footprint (footprintWKT) to the area of the true (original, or most specific) spatial representation of the Location. Legal values are 0, greater than or equal to 1, or undefined. A value of 1 is an exact match or 100% overlap. A value of 0 should be used if the given footprint does not completely contain the original representation. The footprintSpatialFit is undefined (and should be left blank) if the original representation is a point and the given georeference is not that same point. If both the original and the given georeference are the same point, the footprintSpatialFit is 1.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintSpatialFit

Property: dwct:footprintWKT

Footprint WKTA Well-Known Text (WKT) representation of the shape (footprint, geometry) that defines the Location. A Location may have both a point-radius representation (see decimalLatitude) and a footprint representation, and they may differ from each other.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/footprintWKT

Property: dwct:formation

FormationThe full name of the lithostratigraphic formation from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/formation

Property: dwct:genus

GenusThe full scientific name of the genus in which the taxon is classified.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/genus

Property: dwct:geodeticDatum

Geodetic DatumThe ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which the geographic coordinates given in decimalLatitude and decimalLongitude as based. Recommended best practice is use the EPSG code as a controlled vocabulary to provide an SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value "unknown".

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/geodeticDatum

Property: dwct:geologicalContextID

Geological Context IDAn identifier for the set of information associated with a GeologicalContext (the location within a geological context, such as stratigraphy). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/geologicalContextID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:georeferenceProtocol

Georeference ProtocolA description or reference to the methods used to determine the spatial footprint, coordinates, and uncertainties.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceProtocol

Property: dwct:georeferenceRemarks

Georeference RemarksNotes or comments about the spatial description determination, explaining assumptions made in addition or opposition to the those formalized in the method referred to in georeferenceProtocol.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceRemarks

Property: dwct:georeferenceSources

Georeference SourcesA list (concatenated and separated) of maps, gazetteers, or other resources used to georeference the Location, described specifically enough to allow anyone in the future to use the same resources.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceSources

Property: dwct:georeferenceVerificationStatus

Georeference Verification StatusA categorical description of the extent to which the georeference has been verified to represent the best possible spatial description. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferenceVerificationStatus

Property: dwct:georeferencedBy

Georeferenced ByA list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who determined the georeference (spatial representation) for the Location.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferencedBy
Superproperty:
dwct:accordingTo

Property: dwct:georeferencedDate

Georeferenced DateThe date on which the Location was georeferenced. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/georeferencedDate
Superproperty:
dcterms:date

Property: dwct:group

GroupThe full name of the lithostratigraphic group from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/group

Property: dwct:habitat

HabitatA category or description of the habitat in which the Event occurred.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/habitat

Property: dwct:higherClassification

Higher ClassificationA list (concatenated and separated) of taxa names terminating at the rank immediately superior to the taxon referenced in the taxon record. Recommended best practice is to order the list starting with the highest rank and separating the names for each rank with a semi-colon (";").

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherClassification

Property: dwct:higherGeography

Higher GeographyA list (concatenated and separated) of geographic names less specific than the information captured in the locality term.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeography

Property: dwct:higherGeographyID

Higher Geography IDAn identifier for the geographic region within which the Location occurred. Recommended best practice is to use an persistent identifier from a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/higherGeographyID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:highestBiostratigraphicZone

Highest Biostratigraphic ZoneThe full name of the highest possible geological biostratigraphic zone of the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/highestBiostratigraphicZone

Property: dwct:identificationID

Identification IDAn identifier for the Identification (the body of information associated with the assignment of a scientific name). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:identificationQualifier

Identification QualifierA brief phrase or a standard term ("cf.", "aff.") to express the determiner's doubts about the Identification.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationQualifier

Property: dwct:identificationReferences

Identification ReferencesA list (concatenated and separated) of references (publication, global unique identifier, URI) used in the Identification.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationReferences

Property: dwct:identificationRemarks

Identification RemarksComments or notes about the Identification.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationRemarks

Property: dwct:identificationVerificationStatus

Identification Verification StatusA categorical indicator of the extent to which the taxonomic identification has been verified to be correct. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as that used in HISPID/ABCD.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identificationVerificationStatus

Property: dwct:identifiedBy

Identified ByA list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who assigned the Taxon to the subject.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/identifiedBy
Superproperty:
dwct:accordingTo

Property: dwct:individualCount

Individual CountThe number of individuals represented present at the time of the Occurrence.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualCount

Property: dwct:individualID

Individual IDAn identifier for an individual or named group of individual organisms represented in the Occurrence. Meant to accommodate resampling of the same individual or group for monitoring purposes. May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to a data set.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/individualID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:informationWithheld

Information WithheldAdditional information that exists, but that has not been shared in the given record.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/informationWithheld

Property: dwct:infraspecificEpithet

Infraspecific EpithetThe name of the lowest or terminal infraspecific epithet of the scientificName, excluding any rank designation.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/infraspecificEpithet

Property: dwct:institutionCode

Institution CodeThe name (or acronym) in use by the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionCode

Property: dwct:institutionID

Institution IDAn identifier for the institution having custody of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/institutionID

Property: dwct:island

IslandThe name of the island on or near which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/island

Property: dwct:islandGroup

Island GroupThe name of the island group in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/islandGroup

Property: dwct:kingdom

KingdomThe full scientific name of the kingdom in which the taxon is classified.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/kingdom

Property: dwct:latestAgeOrHighestStage

Latest AgeOr Highest StageThe full name of the latest possible geochronologic age or highest chronostratigraphic stage attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestAgeOrHighestStage

Property: dwct:latestEonOrHighestEonothem

Latest Eon Or Highest EonothemThe full name of the latest possible geochronologic eon or highest chrono-stratigraphic eonothem or the informal name ("Precambrian") attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEonOrHighestEonothem

Property: dwct:latestEpochOrHighestSeries

Latest Epoch Or Highest SeriesThe full name of the latest possible geochronologic epoch or highest chronostratigraphic series attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEpochOrHighestSeries

Property: dwct:latestEraOrHighestErathem

Latest Era Or Highest ErathemThe full name of the latest possible geochronologic era or highest chronostratigraphic erathem attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestEraOrHighestErathem

Property: dwct:latestPeriodOrHighestSystem

Latest Period Or Highest SystemThe full name of the latest possible geochronologic period or highest chronostratigraphic system attributable to the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/latestPeriodOrHighestSystem

Property: dwct:lifeStage

Life StageThe age class or life stage of the biological individual(s) at the time the Occurrence was recorded. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lifeStage

Property: dwct:lithostratigraphicTerms

Lithostratigraphic TermsThe combination of all litho-stratigraphic names for the rock from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lithostratigraphicTerms

Property: dwct:locality

LocalityThe specific description of the place. Less specific geographic information can be provided in other geographic terms (higherGeography, continent, country, stateProvince, county, municipality, waterBody, island, islandGroup). This term may contain information modified from the original to correct perceived errors or standardize the description.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locality

Property: dwct:locationAccordingTo

Location According ToInformation about the source of this Location information. Could be a publication (gazetteer), institution, or team of individuals.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationAccordingTo
Superproperty:
dwct:accordingTo

Property: dwct:locationID

Location IDAn identifier for the set of location information (data associated with dcterms:Location). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:locationRemarks

Location RemarksComments or notes about the Location.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/locationRemarks

Property: dwct:lowestBiostratigraphicZone

Lowest Biostratigraphic ZoneThe full name of the lowest possible geological biostratigraphic zone of the stratigraphic horizon from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/lowestBiostratigraphicZone

Property: dwct:materialSampleID

Material Sample IDAn identifier for the MaterialSample (as opposed to a particular digital record of the material sample). In the absence of a persistent global unique identifier, construct one from a combination of identifiers in the record that will most closely make the materialSampleID globally unique.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/materialSampleID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:maximumDepthInMeters

Maximum Depth In MetersThe greater depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumDepthInMeters

Property: dwct:maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters

Maximum Distance Above Surface In MetersThe greater distance in a range of distance from a reference surface in the vertical direction, in meters. Use positive values for locations above the surface, negative values for locations below. If depth measures are given, the reference surface is the location given by the depth, otherwise the reference surface is the location given by the elevation.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters

Property: dwct:maximumElevationInMeters

Maximum Elevation In MetersThe upper limit of the range of elevation (altitude, usually above sea level), in meters.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/maximumElevationInMeters

Property: dwct:measurementAccuracy

Measurement AccuracyThe description of the potential error associated with the measurementValue.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementAccuracy

Property: dwct:measurementDeterminedBy

Measurement Determined ByA list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations who determined the value of the MeasurementOrFact.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedBy
Superproperty:
dwct:accordingTo

Property: dwct:measurementDeterminedDate

Measurement Determined DateThe date on which the MeasurementOrFact was made. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementDeterminedDate
Superproperty:
dcterms:date

Property: dwct:measurementID

Measurement IDAn identifier for the MeasurementOrFact (information pertaining to measurements, facts, characteristics, or assertions). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:measurementMethod

Measurement MethodA description of or reference to (publication, URI) the method or protocol used to determine the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementMethod

Property: dwct:measurementRemarks

Measurement RemarksComments or notes accompanying the MeasurementOrFact.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementRemarks

Property: dwct:measurementType

Measurement TypeThe nature of the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementType

Property: dwct:measurementUnit

Measurement UnitThe units associated with the measurementValue. Recommended best practice is to use the International System of Units (SI).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementUnit

Property: dwct:measurementValue

Measurement ValueThe value of the measurement, fact, characteristic, or assertion.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/measurementValue

Property: dwct:member

MemberThe full name of the lithostratigraphic member from which the cataloged item was collected.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/member

Property: dwct:minimumDepthInMeters

Minimum Depth In MetersThe lesser depth of a range of depth below the local surface, in meters.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumDepthInMeters

Property: dwct:minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters

Minimum Distance Above Surface In MetersThe lesser distance in a range of distance from a reference surface in the vertical direction, in meters. Use positive values for locations above the surface, negative values for locations below. If depth measures are given, the reference surface is the location given by the depth, otherwise the reference surface is the location given by the elevation.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumDistanceAboveSurfaceInMeters

Property: dwct:minimumElevationInMeters

Minimum Elevation In MetersThe lower limit of the range of elevation (altitude, usually above sea level), in meters.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/minimumElevationInMeters

Property: dwct:month

MonthThe ordinal month in which the Event occurred.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/month

Property: dwct:municipality

MunicipalityThe full, unabbreviated name of the next smaller administrative region than county (city, municipality, etc.) in which the Location occurs. Do not use this term for a nearby named place that does not contain the actual location.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/municipality

Property: dwct:nameAccordingTo

Name According ToThe reference to the source in which the specific taxon concept circumscription is defined or implied - traditionally signified by the Latin "sensu" or "sec." (from secundum, meaning "according to"). For taxa that result from identifications, a reference to the keys, monographs, experts and other sources should be given.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingTo
Superproperty:
dwct:accordingTo

Property: dwct:nameAccordingToID

Name According To IDAn identifier for the source in which the specific taxon concept circumscription is defined or implied. See nameAccordingTo.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nameAccordingToID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:namePublishedIn

Name Published InA reference for the publication in which the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedIn
Superproperty:
dcterms:bibliographicCitation

Property: dwct:namePublishedInID

Name Published In IDAn identifier for the publication in which the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:namePublishedInYear

Name Published In YearThe four-digit year in which the scientificName was published.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/namePublishedInYear

Property: dwct:nomenclaturalCode

Nomenclatural CodeThe nomenclatural code (or codes in the case of an ambiregnal name) under which the scientificName is constructed. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalCode

Property: dwct:nomenclaturalStatus

Nomenclatural StatusThe status related to the original publication of the name and its conformance to the relevant rules of nomenclature. It is based essentially on an algorithm according to the business rules of the code. It requires no taxonomic opinion.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/nomenclaturalStatus

Property: dwct:occurrenceID

Occurrence IDAn identifier for the Occurrence (as opposed to a particular digital record of the occurrence). In the absence of a persistent global unique identifier, construct one from a combination of identifiers in the record that will most closely make the occurrenceID globally unique.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:occurrenceRemarks

Occurrence RemarksComments or notes about the Occurrence.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceRemarks

Property: dwct:occurrenceStatus

Occurrence StatusA statement about the presence or absence of a Taxon at a Location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/occurrenceStatus

Property: dwct:order

OrderThe full scientific name of the order in which the taxon is classified.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/order

Property: dwct:originalNameUsage

Original Name UsageThe taxon name, with authorship and date information if known, as it originally appeared when first established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode. The basionym (botany) or basonym (bacteriology) of the scientificName or the senior/earlier homonym for replaced names.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsage

Property: dwct:originalNameUsageID

Original Name Usage IDAn identifier for the name usage (documented meaning of the name according to a source) in which the terminal element of the scientificName was originally established under the rules of the associated nomenclaturalCode.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/originalNameUsageID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:otherCatalogNumbers

Other Catalog NumbersA list (concatenated and separated) of previous or alternate fully qualified catalog numbers or other human-used identifiers for the same Occurrence, whether in the current or any other data set or collection.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/otherCatalogNumbers

Property: dwct:ownerInstitutionCode

Owner Institution CodeThe name (or acronym) in use by the institution having ownership of the object(s) or information referred to in the record.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/ownerInstitutionCode

Property: dwct:parentNameUsage

Parent Name UsageThe full name, with authorship and date information if known, of the direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon (in a classification) of the most specific element of the scientificName.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentNameUsage

Property: dwct:parentNameUsageID

Parent Name Usage IDAn identifier for the name usage (documented meaning of the name according to a source) of the direct, most proximate higher-rank parent taxon (in a classification) of the most specific element of the scientificName.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/parentNameUsageID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:phylum

PhylumThe full scientific name of the phylum or division in which the taxon is classified.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/phylum

Property: dwct:pointRadiusSpatialFit

Point Radius Spatial FitThe ratio of the area of the point-radius (decimalLatitude, decimalLongitude, coordinateUncertaintyInMeters) to the area of the true (original, or most specific) spatial representation of the Location. Legal values are 0, greater than or equal to 1, or undefined. A value of 1 is an exact match or 100% overlap. A value of 0 should be used if the given point-radius does not completely contain the original representation. The pointRadiusSpatialFit is undefined (and should be left blank) if the original representation is a point without uncertainty and the given georeference is not that same point (without uncertainty). If both the original and the given georeference are the same point, the pointRadiusSpatialFit is 1.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/pointRadiusSpatialFit

Property: dwct:preparations

PreparationsA list (concatenated and separated) of preparations and preservation methods for a specimen.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/preparations

Property: dwct:previousIdentifications

Previous IdentificationsA list (concatenated and separated) of previous assignments of names to the Occurrence.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/previousIdentifications

Property: dwct:recordNumber

Record NumberAn identifier given to the Occurrence at the time it was recorded. Often serves as a link between field notes and an Occurrence record, such as a specimen collector's number.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordNumber

Property: dwct:recordedBy

Recorded ByA list (concatenated and separated) of names of people, groups, or organizations responsible for recording the original Occurrence. The primary collector or observer, especially one who applies a personal identifier (recordNumber), should be listed first.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/recordedBy
Superproperty:
dwct:accordingTo

Property: dwct:relatedResourceID

Related Resource IDAn identifier for a related resource (the object, rather than the subject of the relationship).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relatedResourceID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:relationshipAccordingTo

Relationship According ToThe source (person, organization, publication, reference) establishing the relationship between the two resources.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipAccordingTo
Superproperty:
dwct:accordingTo

Property: dwct:relationshipEstablishedDate

Relationship Established DateThe date-time on which the relationship between the two resources was established. Recommended best practice is to use an encoding scheme, such as ISO 8601:2004(E).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipEstablishedDate
Superproperty:
dcterms:date

Property: dwct:relationshipOfResource

Relationship Of ResourceThe relationship of the resource identified by relatedResourceID to the subject (optionally identified by the resourceID). Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipOfResource

Property: dwct:relationshipRemarks

Relationship RemarksComments or notes about the relationship between the two resources.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/relationshipRemarks

Property: dwct:reproductiveCondition

Reproductive ConditionThe reproductive condition of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/reproductiveCondition

Property: dwct:resourceID

Resource IDAn identifier for the resource that is the subject of the relationship.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/resourceID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:resourceRelationshipID

Resource Relationship IDAn identifier for an instance of relationship between one resource (the subject) and another (relatedResource, the object).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/resourceRelationshipID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:samplingEffort

Sampling EffortThe amount of effort expended during an Event.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingEffort

Property: dwct:samplingProtocol

Sampling ProtocolThe name of, reference to, or description of the method or protocol used during an Event.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/samplingProtocol

Property: dwct:scientificName

Scientific NameThe full scientific name, with authorship and date information if known. When forming part of an Identification, this should be the name in lowest level taxonomic rank that can be determined. This term should not contain identification qualifications, which should instead be supplied in the IdentificationQualifier term.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificName

Property: dwct:scientificNameAuthorship

Scientific Name AuthorshipThe authorship information for the scientificName formatted according to the conventions of the applicable nomenclaturalCode.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameAuthorship

Property: dwct:scientificNameID

Scientific Name IDAn identifier for the nomenclatural (not taxonomic) details of a scientific name.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/scientificNameID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:sex

SexThe sex of the biological individual(s) represented in the Occurrence. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/sex

Property: dwct:specificEpithet

Specific EpithetThe name of the first or species epithet of the scientificName.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/specificEpithet

Property: dwct:startDayOfYear

Start Day Of YearThe earliest ordinal day of the year on which the Event occurred (1 for January 1, 365 for December 31, except in a leap year, in which case it is 366).

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/startDayOfYear

Property: dwct:stateProvince

State ProvinceThe name of the next smaller administrative region than country (state, province, canton, department, region, etc.) in which the Location occurs.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/stateProvince

Property: dwct:subgenus

SubgenusThe full scientific name of the subgenus in which the taxon is classified. Values should include the genus to avoid homonym confusion.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/subgenus

Property: dwct:taxonConceptID

Taxon Concept IDAn identifier for the taxonomic concept to which the record refers - not for the nomenclatural details of a taxon.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonConceptID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:taxonID

Taxon IDAn identifier for the set of taxon information (data associated with the Taxon class). May be a global unique identifier or an identifier specific to the data set.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonID
Superproperty:
dcterms:identifier

Property: dwct:taxonRank

Taxon RankThe taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRank

Property: dwct:taxonRemarks

Taxon RemarksComments or notes about the taxon or name.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonRemarks

Property: dwct:taxonomicStatus

Taxonomic StatusThe status of the use of the scientificName as a label for a taxon. Requires taxonomic opinion to define the scope of a taxon. Rules of priority then are used to define the taxonomic status of the nomenclature contained in that scope, combined with the experts opinion. It must be linked to a specific taxonomic reference that defines the concept. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/taxonomicStatus

Property: dwct:typeStatus

Type StatusA list (concatenated and separated) of nomenclatural types (type status, typified scientific name, publication) applied to the subject.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/typeStatus

Property: dwct:verbatimCoordinateSystem

Verbatim Coordinate SystemThe spatial coordinate system for the verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude or the verbatimCoordinates of the Location. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimCoordinateSystem

Property: dwct:verbatimCoordinates

Verbatim CoordinatesThe verbatim original spatial coordinates of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimCoordinates

Property: dwct:verbatimDepth

Verbatim DepthThe original description of the depth below the local surface.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimDepth

Property: dwct:verbatimElevation

Verbatim ElevationThe original description of the elevation (altitude, usually above sea level) of the Location.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimElevation

Property: dwct:verbatimEventDate

Verbatim EventDateThe verbatim original representation of the date and time information for an Event.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimEventDate

Property: dwct:verbatimLatitude

Verbatim LatitudeThe verbatim original latitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLatitude

Property: dwct:verbatimLocality

Verbatim LocalityThe original textual description of the place.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLocality

Property: dwct:verbatimLongitude

Verbatim LongitudeThe verbatim original longitude of the Location. The coordinate ellipsoid, geodeticDatum, or full Spatial Reference System (SRS) for these coordinates should be stored in verbatimSRS and the coordinate system should be stored in verbatimCoordinateSystem.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimLongitude

Property: dwct:verbatimSRS

Verbatim SRSThe ellipsoid, geodetic datum, or spatial reference system (SRS) upon which coordinates given in verbatimLatitude and verbatimLongitude, or verbatimCoordinates are based. Recommended best practice is use the EPSG code as a controlled vocabulary to provide an SRS, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the geodetic datum, if known. Otherwise use a controlled vocabulary for the name or code of the ellipsoid, if known. If none of these is known, use the value "unknown".

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimSRS

Property: dwct:verbatimTaxonRank

Verbatim Taxon RankThe taxonomic rank of the most specific name in the scientificName as it appears in the original record.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/verbatimTaxonRank

Property: dwct:vernacularName

Vernacular NameA common or vernacular name.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/vernacularName

Property: dwct:waterBody

Water BodyThe name of the water body in which the Location occurs. Recommended best practice is to use a controlled vocabulary such as the Getty Thesaurus of Geographic Names.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/waterBody

Property: dwct:year

YearThe four-digit year in which the Event occurred, according to the Common Era Calendar.

URI:
http://rs.tdwg.org/dwc/terms/year